Linux Ubuntu move mysql database to other path in 5 minutes

Linux Ubuntu change datadir / database location dir in 5 minutes

Move mysql database to other path

  • Open the terminal
  • Stop MySQL with the command
    /etc/init.d/mysql stop
  • Move existing data directory (which is located in /var/lib/mysql) to new dir /usr/new_datadir using the command

    mv /var/lib/mysql /usr/new_datadir
  • Create symlink from new dir to old one

    ln -s /usr/new_datadir /var/lib/mysql
  • Don't chnage /etc/mysql/my.cnf =)))
  • Ubuntu uses some security software called AppArmor that specifies the areas of your filesystem applications are allowed to access. Unless you modify the AppArmor profile for MySQL, you'll never be able to restart MySQL with the new datadir location.
  • In the terminal, enter the command

    vim /etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin.mysqld
  • Duplicate the lines beginning with /var/lib/mysql and replace duplicated strings with /usr/new_datadir

    In my case it was:
    /var/lib/mysql/ r,
    /var/lib/mysql/** rwk,
    /var/log/mysql/ r,
    /var/log/mysql/* rw,
    /usr/new_datadir r,
    /usr/new_datadir** rwk,
    /usr/new_datadir r,
    /usr/new_datadir* rw,
  • Restart the AppArmor profiles with the command

    /etc/init.d/apparmor restart
  • Restart MySQL with the command

    /etc/init.d/mysql restart
  • MySQL should now start without any errors, have fun! See also article How to move the mysql datadir, Ubuntu change datadir issue